In the history examination, we find out what kinds of materials are commonly used in the analysis of historical materials? What are the answering skills? Written materials are the most basic and common. There are three links in doing historical material analysis questions: reading, searching and answering. Only when you read the material with questions can you answer the questions more pertinently. Before answering the questions, you should write a simple outline.
Answer Skills of Senior High School History Material Analysis Questions
Answer Skills for Analytical Questions of Historical Materials Part 1: Examination of Questions
In general, you should read it twice. Read it carefully for the first time, visit it and get the general idea. There are two main tasks: first, to understand the time, place, people and events involved in the material. Secondly, pay attention to the connection of the materials in each paragraph and read out the core content of the material narration.
(2) Reading and asking questions, reading the materials carefully with questions, and reading the materials thoroughly.
A. When reading materials carefully, we should pay attention to the concrete analysis of specific materials. If the materials of ancient history are mostly classical Chinese, we should carefully consider the words and sentences, read the original meaning of the materials and dig out their extended meanings, just like the analysis of ancient Chinese in Chinese class. The materials of world history are mostly foreign translations, and some sentences are long and difficult to understand. At this time, we can divide the sentence components according to the method of Chinese class, first find the subject, predicate and object of the sentence, then find other modifiers such as complement, adverbial and so on.
B. When reading materials, we must carefully read questions. Because the essence of questioning is to determine the direction of analytic materials, so that candidates can fully extract the effective information provided by the materials when reading them. Therefore, it is a shortcut to get effective information as soon as possible to make clear the requirement of questioning and read the materials carefully according to the direction of questioning.
C. When reading materials, in addition to understanding the body of the material, special attention should be paid to the prompting text and source of the material. These explanatory texts can provide information about the time, country, author and background of the material, give the candidates some hints and guidance, and sometimes play a "no effort" effect.
Answer Skills for Analytical Questions of Historical Materials II: Finding Connections
In the process of solving practical problems, "finding" and "reading" are often identical, and there is no need to separate them completely.
After reading all the materials, we should find out the relationship between them. Usually every material question has a center. Even if some material analysis questions have completely opposite material views, they are designed around a center. Find out the center, and then around this center, confirm the content of the materials involved or transfer the textbook knowledge, and find a breakthrough in solving the problem.
(2) Find out the connection between materials and textbooks. Although the problem of material analysis has the characteristics of "new materials, new situations and new problems", no matter how new it is, it must be inextricably linked with the textbook. Comparing the key information in the materials with the historical facts and viewpoints of the textbooks, confirming which chapters and sections of the materials and textbooks are related, so that the materials and textbooks are linked together and accurate, and the general direction of analysis is clear.
(3) Find out the relevant points between the material and the question, and realize the propositioner's intention. Material analysis is a typical topic of the combination of history and theory. Reading materials is to answer questions. Answering questions can not be separated from materials. Because "theory comes from history", conclusions should be drawn from the understanding, excavation and sublimation of materials. The question of material analysis must be based on material. Therefore, when reading the material, we should think about the question everywhere, and put the question into the material to compare with each other. Or find out the information to answer the questions from the materials, or get the important points which are ignored in the reading materials from the information of the questions, and then draw a conclusion through analysis and judgment. When looking for the relevant points of materials and questions, it is essential to understand the intention of the propositioner to use these materials.
(4) Examine the questions and find out the different requirements for different materials. In recent years, from the perspective of college entrance examination questions, there are mainly the following kinds of questions and answers for material analysis questions: one is the progressive way of asking questions layer by layer and inducing them step by step. That is, around a center, from the surface to the inside, from the shallow to the deep, layer by layer. The second is the inductive and commentary argumentation. Thirdly, since 1997, there have been material topics requiring written expression. Making clear the different requirements of setting up questions and avoiding big mistakes in the process of answering them.
Answer Skills of Historical Material Analysis Question 3: Answer Questions
Questions to be noted when organizing answers:
A. Answer by question. Pay attention to pertinence and specificity. Material analysis questions are mostly composed of several questions, each of which has a specific direction. Answers should be organized according to specific requirements, and the number of answers should be determined according to the score.
B. Overcoming the fixed thinking pattern and sticking to the theory from history. In order to embody their own academic views, proposers sometimes choose materials which are different from the views of textbooks to test their ability to extract material information and innovate. Therefore, when answering, we should overcome the thinking stereotype, make a concrete analysis of the material, and extract effective information from the material.
C. Adhere to the correct viewpoints of dialectical materialism and historical materialism, and accurately distinguish the right and wrong viewpoints of materials. Most of the materials cited are primitive historical materials, which inevitably have the color of backward historical viewpoints in feudal and bourgeois historical circles. The historical data must be differentiated and analyzed from the correct point of view.