The basic method of solving political choice questions should follow the principle of first examining the stem of the question and then examining the limb of the question. The principle of joining limbs and trunks and seeking limbs by doing. In order to implement this principle, we must carry out the "Four Trials" and "Four Rows" in solving problems.
High School Political Choice Question Answering Skills
1 High School Political Choice Question Answering Skills: Fourth Trial
First, the type of examination. First of all, to determine the type of question, is a single choice, combination choice, or indefinite choice, special attention should be paid to the single choice in indefinite choice. Because of many errors in judgment, some candidates often fail to distinguish single-choice questions from many multiple-choice topics, so that simple single-choice questions are treated as multiple-choice questions, resulting in errors. Therefore, different types of questions require different choices. Secondly, we should determine the direction of thinking.
2. Provisional nature of examination questions. Examination of the title is to clarify the meaning of the title and clarify the prescriptive nature of the title, which is the key to doing a good job in choosing the topic. How to determine the stipulation of the title? We can start from the following two aspects. First of all, we need to clarify the meaning of the topic. From the 2000 College Entrance Examination questions, most of the choices are in the form of materials. What is the main meaning of this material? It must be understood and understood. At the same time, we should clarify the requirements behind the materials and stipulate what problems we should solve. From the 2000 College Entrance Examination questions, it mainly uses five prescriptions, namely "indication", "explanation", "enlightenment", "manifestation" and "reason" to limit the thinking of answering questions. Secondly, it is important to clarify the prescriptive nature of the title stem in three aspects: space-time, content and logic, so as to determine the prescriptive knowledge scope of the title stem. For example, the stipulation of space-time scope is "present stage" or "history", "socialist democracy" or "capitalist democracy". Another example is whether the scope of content is defined as "economic common sense" or "political common sense" or "philosophical common sense", "knowledge of socialist market economy" or "knowledge of state system". Another example is whether the logic stipulation is to seek the cause by the result or by the cause; to find the difference or the common ground, etc.
3. Examine the subject limbs. Follow the principle of seeking limbs by doing. We should pay attention to four different types of inscriptions when examining the inscriptions. First, we should determine which ones are correct inscriptions, that is, inscriptions that meet the prescriptive requirements of the inscriptions. Secondly, to determine which are wrong inscriptions, that is, inscriptions with obvious knowledge errors. Thirdly, the knowledge content of the disturbing inscriptions is correct, but it is not in accordance with the prescriptive requirements of the inscriptions. Fourth, determine which is the first-level extension of the limb, which is the second-level extension or multi-level extension of the limb. Correct or first-level extension questions should be selected, but wrong, disturbing, second-level or multi-level extension questions should not be selected.
Fourth, the relationship between the examining stem and the examining limbs. From the perspective of basic Chinese knowledge, the knowledge structure between the title stem and the title limb is a declarative sentence structure, the title stem is a subject-predicate structure, and the title limb is an object. This structural form determines that when solving the choice questions, we can only do it by doing. Through the analysis, we can find the best relationship between the title stem and the title limb, that is, the consistency of the prescription between the title stem and the title limb. Only in this way can the limbs and trunks be connected and the upper and lower structures are connected.
1 High School Political Choice Question Answering Skills: Four Rows
A row of errors. The viewpoint of the inscribed limb itself is wrong or contains some errors to be excluded, except for the adverse selection question.
Two rows of duplicates. The viewpoint of inscribing limbs does not lie in the prescriptive nature of explaining the inscriptive stem, but in the disguised repetition of the prescriptive nature of inscriptive stem. This requires us to make repeated comparisons between the limbs and trunks to find out the similarities and differences between them. If the viewpoints of the limbs and the prescriptive requirements of the trunks are disguised and repetitive, they should be excluded.
Three rows of discrepancies. Although the viewpoint of inscribing limbs is correct, it has nothing to do with the stipulation of inscribing stem. Such an option should be excluded.
Four rows are larger or smaller than the item. Such an option should also be excluded if the knowledge content of the inscribed limbs is greater or less than the prescriptive requirements of the inscribed limbs.
To further illustrate the above principles of problem solving, the following examples are given to illustrate:
What determines our present political system? The following understandings are correct: A is determined by the national nature of our proletarian dictatorship, B by our religious system, C by our fundamental political system, D by our democratic system, E by our democratic system.
The results of the fourth trial are as follows: Firstly, this topic is a single choice question, a positive choice question and a connotative choice question. Secondly, in the prescriptive nature of the title, "what determines the political system" is the key word; "the present stage of our country" is the determinant, which defines the scope of time and space, and the content is political common sense. Third, item A is correct and should be selected.
Item B is an incorrect option and should be excluded.
The stipulated duplication of item C and the title should be excluded.
The knowledge content of item D itself is correct, but it is inconsistent with the prescriptive requirements of the title and should be excluded.
The point of view of item E is greater than the requirement of prescriptive title, and should be excluded.
It can be seen that when solving this problem, the correct choice will naturally come into being after excluding all kinds of options that are not related to the prescriptive requirements of the title by "four rows", namely, row B is called error-elimination, row C is called weight-exclusion, row D is called exclusion, and row E is called exclusion. Of course, not all the above four kinds of interference or error options exist at the same time, some may only have one, some may have two or three, some may not have one, four options are correct. Therefore, students must solve the choice of questions according to the specific requirements of each question, from the objective reality of each question, in order to achieve the desired results.